As regards urban poverty, or a long time the accent was on providing minimum services particularly in the areas classified as slums. It was only in the late eighties an integrated approach was formulated with introduction of UNICEF sponsored Urban Basic Services Program (UBSP) as pilot scheme in selected towns and later with the introduction of Nehru Rozgar Yojana (NRY) in all the urban areas.

Most of the earlier programs were implemented in a routine top-down manner. The failure to achieve a visible reduction in poverty resulted in the search for alternative strategies, the most important achievement of which has been the evolution of the Community Development Society (CDS) System. This strategy focuses on the poor as subjects rather than objects of development and is based on the empowerment of the poor thorough their being organized into self-help groups, not merely for thrift linked credit but for acting as a powerful demand system which also facilitates a converged delivery of services.

The UPA structure came into existence in 1994 consequent on the 74th constitutional amendment and the amendment of the Municipalities Act. And by the year 1999, establishment of Kudumbashree (State Poverty Eradication Mission), a systematic organization of poverty alleviation schemes came in to being.

Profile of Kochi

Total Area : 94.88 Sq.Km
Total Wards : 71
No.of Slums : 280
Total Population : 6,77,381 Lcs
Total BPL Population : 2,13,120
Slum Population : 1,27,872

CDS Structure-Present Status

Total NHG's : 1302
Total ADS : 80
Number of CDS : 2 (East &West Zones)
Number of Balasabhas : 752
Total Families : 42,000
Total Thrift : 8.5 Crores
Thrift Loan : 13 Crores

Pages: 1  2  3